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The Shorter Catechism (Questions 21-30)



Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ,(1) who, being the eternal Son of God, became man,(2) and so was, and continueth to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, for ever.(3)

(1) I Tim. 2:5-6.
(2) John 1:14; Gal. 4:4.
(3) Rom. 9:5; Luke 1:35; Col. 2:9; Heb. 7:24-25.

Q. 22. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body,(1) and a reasonable soul,(2) being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her,(3) yet without sin.(4)

(1) Heb. 2:14, 16; 10:5.
(2) Matt. 26:38.
(3) Luke 1:27, 31, 35, 42; Gal. 4:4.
(4) Heb.
4:15 ; 7:26 .

Q. 23. What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?
A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation.(1)

(1) Acts 3:21-22; Heb. 12:25. Cf. II Cor. 13:3; Heb. 5:5-7; 7:25; Ps. 2:6; Isa. 9:6-7; Matt. 21:5; Ps. 2:8-11.

Q. 24. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?
A. Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by his word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation.(1)

(1) John
1:18 ; I Peter 1:10 -12; John 15:15 ; 20:31 .

Q. 25. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?
A. Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice,(1) and reconcile us to God,(2) and in making continual intercession for us.(3)

(1) Heb. 9:14, 28.
(2) Heb. 2:17.
(3) Heb. 7:24-25.

Q. 26. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?
A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself,(1) in ruling(2) and defending us,(3) and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.(4)

(1) Acts 15:14-16.
(2) Isa. 33:22.
(3) Isa. 32:1-2.
(4) I Cor. 15:25, Ps. 110.

Q. 27. Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?
A. Christ's humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition,(1) made under the law,(2) undergoing the miseries of this life,(3) the wrath of God,(4) and the cursed death of the cross;(5) in being buried,(6) and continuing under the power of death for a time.(7)

(1) Luke 2:7.
(2) Gal. 4:4.
(3) Heb. 12:2-3; Isa. 53:2-3.
(4) Luke 22:44; Matt. 27:46.
(5) Phil. 2:8.
(6) I Cor. 15:3-4.
(7) Acts
2:24 -27, 31.

Q. 28. Wherein consisteth Christ's exaltation?
A. Christ's exaltation consisteth in his rising again from the dead on the third day,(1) in ascending up into heaven,(2) in sitting at the right hand of God the Father,(3) and in coming to judge the world at the last day.(4)

(1) I Cor. 15:4.
(2) Mark
16:19 .
(3) Eph. 1:20.
(4) Acts
1:11 ; 17:31 .



Q. 29. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us(1) by his Holy Spirit.(2)

(1) John 1:11-12.
(2) Titus 3:5-6.

Q. 30. How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us,(1) and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.(2)

(1) Eph. 1:13-14; John 6:37, 39; Eph. 2:8.
(2) Eph. 3:17, I Cor. 1:9.


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Shorter Catechism (index)