Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment
I. Our first parents being
seduced by the subtilty and temptation of Satan, sinned in eating the
This their sin God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel, to
permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory.b
a Gen. 3:13; 2 Cor.
11:3. bRom. 11:32.
II. By this sin they fell from
their original righteousness, and communion with God,c
and so became dead in sin,d
and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body.e
c Gen. 3:6-8; Eccl.
7:29; Rom. 3:23. d Gen. 2:17; Eph.
2:1. e Tit. 1:15; Gen.
6:5; Jer. 17:9; Rom. -18.
III. They being the root of all
mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed,f and the same death in sin and corrupted nature conveyed to
all their posterity, descending from them by ordinary generation.g
f Gen. 1:27,28 and
Gen. 2:16,17 and Acts with
Rom. ,15-19 and 1 Cor. 15:21,22,49. g Ps. 51:5; Gen.
5:3; Job 14:4, Job .
IV. From this original
corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to
all good,h and
wholly inclined to all evil,i
do proceed all actual transgressions.k
h Rom. 5:6; Rom.
8:7; Rom. 7:18; Col. 1:21. i Gen. 6:5; Gen.
8:21; Rom. -12. k James 1:14,15;
Eph. 2:2,3; Matt. 15:19.
V. This corruption of nature,
during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated:l
and although it be throughChrist pardoned and mortified, yet both
itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.m
l 1 John 1:8,10;
Rom. 7:14,17,18,23; James 3:2; Prov. 20:9; Eccl. 7:20. mRom.
7:5,7,8,25; Gal. 5:17.
VI. Every sin, both original
and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary
thereunto,n doth, in
its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner,o whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God,p
and curse of the law,q
and so made subject to death,r
with all miseries spiritual,s
n 1 John 3:4. oRom. 2:15; Rom. 3:9,19. p Eph. 2:3. q Gal. 3:10. r Rom. 6:23. s Eph. 4:18. tRom. 8:20;
Lam. 3:39. u Matt. 25:41; 2